Data, Methods & Sources

SCAN 360 summarizes and displays information on dozens of disease risk factors and health outcomes using more than a dozen national, state and private sources of data including:  the U.S. Census Bureau, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and Florida’s Department of Health.
 
Most estimates are reported for the State of Florida, its 67 counties and 921 census-defined places (CDP), and the 11 City of Miami districts (aka ‘neighborhoods’), however, due to limitations of particular data sources, some estimates can only be reported at the county level.
The rest of this section details the factors that are reported in SCAN 360, organized by data source.

 

Socio-Demographic Factors

The American Community Survey (ACS)


Eighteen socioeconomic factors (shown below) are reported. These 2016 5-year estimates are pulled from the US Census’ American Community Survey using API calls.
The table below lists the ACS table name, its associated table number, the function that process it from the ‘neighborhood’ package, and the resulting levels of that variable.

 

ACS Tables and Associated Neighborhood Package Functions with Levels

Table Name

ACS Table Number

Levels

Sex by Age

B01001

Five –year age groups by sex: 0-4/5-9/10-14/15-19/…/75-79/80-84/85+

Travel Time to Work

B08303

90 or more/less than 90/less than 60/less than 45/less than 30/less than 15

Educational Attainment

B15003

Advanced Degree/Bachelor’s Degree/ Associate’s Degree/Some College/High School Diploma or GED/Some High School/Less than 9th Grade/No School

Language Spoken at Home

B16001

Speak other than English/Speak only English

Hispanic or Latino Origin

B03003

Hispanic or Latino/Not Hispanic or Latino

Median Household Income in the Past 12 Months

B19013

No levels – actual median shown

Health Insurance Coverage by Sex and Age

B27001

By Sex: Male/Female

By Age: Youth(0-17)/Adult(18-64)/Senior(65+)

Health Insurance Coverage by Sex, Age, and Type

B27012

By Sex: Male/Female

By Age: Youth(0-17)/Adult(18-64)/Senior(65+)

By Type: Employer-based/Medicaid/Medicare/Private

Nativity

B05012

Foreign-Born/Native

Percentage of Population Over 65 Years Old

B01001

No levels – percentage shown

Total Population in Occupied Housing Units by Tenure

B25008_002/B25008_003*

Rent/Own

Ratio of Income to Poverty Level

C17002

More than 2x Poverty Threshold/Less than 2x Poverty Threshold/Less than Poverty Threshold

Race

B02001

Two or More Races/Pacific Islander/Asian/Native American/Black/White

Gross Rent as a Percentage of Household Income

B25070

Extreme Rent Burden (>30%)/Rent Burden (<30%)

Employment Status

B23025

Unemployed/Employed

Vacancy Status

B25004

Other Vacant/For Migrant Workers/Occasional Use/Sold, not Occupied/For Sale Only/ Rented, not Occupied/For Rent

Means of Transportation to Work by Vehicles Available

B08141

At Least 1 Vehicle/No Vehicle

Year Structure Built

B25034

1939 or Earlier/1940 to 1949/1950 to 1959/1960 to 1969/1970 to 1979/1980 to 1989/1990 to 1999/2000 to 2009/2010 to 2013/2014 or Later

* Data for this factor was pulled from two separate variables from the same table.


Missouri Census Data Center MABLE/Geocorr 14

Measures of rurality for the state, county and census-defined places in Florida were obtained using the web interface for the Missouri Census Data Center’s MABLE/Geocorr 14 data query system.

Cancer

Florida Cancer Data System (FCDS) 

The FCDS statewide cancer registry includes all “reportable” cancer cases between the years 1981 and 2015. A cohort of all cases diagnosed between 2010 and 2014 is used to estimate cancer incidence in SCAN 360.
 
Age-adjusted Incidence


Florida Department of Health (FDOH) 

The state mortality registry, obtained from the Florida Department of Health Bureau of Vital Statistics, contains records from 2007 to 2016. The following statistics were done for the cohort whose year of death fell between 2010 and 2014.
 
Age-adjusted Mortality

FLDOH Bureau of Vital Statistics

Years of Potential Life Lost (YPLL) formula

 

Behavioral Risk Factors

Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance System (BRFSS) 

Public Data
Definition

Environmental

Indicator

Source

Year

Type

URL

Superfund Sites 4

EPA

2018

geocoded addresses

https://www.epa.gov/superfund/national-priorities-list-npl-sites-state#FL 

Nuclear Power Plants 4

NEI

2018

geocoded addresses

https://www.nei.org/CorporateSite/media/filefolder/resources/fact-sheets/state-fact-sheets/Florida-State-Fact-Sheet.pdf

UV Exposure

NCI

2017

 

https://gis.cancer.gov/tools/uv-exposure/ 

Radon Exposure

EPA

2017

 

http://www.epa.gov/radon/zonemap.html; http://www.city-data.com/radon-zones/Florida/Florida.html

Limited Access to Healthy Food

RWJF County Health Rankings; USDA Food Environment Atlas

2015

 

http://www.countyhealthrankings.org/rankings/data/FL

Food Insecurity

RWJF County Health Rankings; Map the Meal Gap

2015

 

http://www.countyhealthrankings.org/rankings/data/FL

Food Environment Index

RWJF County Health Rankings; USDA Food Environment Atlas, Map the Meal Gap from Feeding America

2015

 

http://www.countyhealthrankings.org/rankings/data/FL

Exercise Opportunities

RWJF County Health Rankings; Business Analyst, Delorme map data, ESRI, & US Census Tigerline Files

2016

 

http://www.countyhealthrankings.org/rankings/data/FL

% living within 0.5 mile of a park

CDC National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network

2011

 

https://ephtracking.cdc.gov/DataExplorer/#/

Air pollution - particulate matter PM2.5

RWJF County Health Rankings; Environmental Public Health Tracking Network

2012

 

http://www.countyhealthrankings.org/rankings/data/FL

Air Quality Index

EPA

2018

 

https://aqs.epa.gov/aqsweb/airdata/annual_aqi_by_county_2018.zip

Air toxics - annual average air concentration per m3

CDC National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network

2011

 

https://ephtracking.cdc.gov/DataExplorer/#/

% population within 150m of highway

CDC National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network

2010

 

https://ephtracking.cdc.gov/DataExplorer/#/

% public schools within 150m of highway

CDC National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network

2010

 

https://ephtracking.cdc.gov/DataExplorer/#/

Drinking Water Violations

RWJF County Health Rankings; Safe Drinking Water Information System

2016

 

http://www.countyhealthrankings.org/rankings/data/FL

% severe housing problems

RWJF County Health Rankings; Comprehensive Housing Affordability Strategy (CHAS) data

2010-2014

 

http://www.countyhealthrankings.org/rankings/data/FL

Residential Segregation

RWJF County Health Rankings; American Community Survey, 5-year estimates

2012-2016

 

http://www.countyhealthrankings.org/rankings/data/FL

Median Income

RWJF County Health Rankings; Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates

2016

 

http://www.countyhealthrankings.org/rankings/data/FL

Income Inequality

RWJF County Health Rankings; American Community Survey, 5-year estimates

2012-2016

 

http://www.countyhealthrankings.org/rankings/data/FL

SNAP redemptions/SNAP-authorized stores

USDA Food Environment Atlas

2018

 

https://www.ers.usda.gov/webdocs/DataFiles/48731/DataDownload.xls?v=0

Children in Poverty

RWJF County Health Rankings; Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates

2016

 

http://www.countyhealthrankings.org/rankings/data/FL

Brownfields

Florida Geographic Data Library Metadata Explorer

2018

shp files

https://download.fgdl.org/pub/state/brownfields_areas_feb18.zip

Hazardous Waste Sites

Florida Geographic Data Library Metadata Explorer

2018

shp files

https://download.fgdl.org/pub/state/chaz_jul18.zip

Correctional Facilities

Florida Geographic Data Library Metadata Explorer

2017

shp files

https://download.fgdl.org/pub/state/gc_correctionalbnd_sep17.zip

Fire Stations

Florida Geographic Data Library Metadata Explorer

2018

shp files

https://download.fgdl.org/pub/state/gc_firestat_may18.zip

Health Care Facilities

Florida Geographic Data Library Metadata Explorer

2014

shp files

Parks

Florida Geographic Data Library Metadata Explorer

2017

shp files

https://download.fgdl.org/pub/state/gc_parks_sep17.zip

Schools

Florida Geographic Data Library Metadata Explorer

2017

shp files

https://download.fgdl.org/pub/state/gc_schools_sep17.zip

Mobile Home & RV Parks

Florida Geographic Data Library Metadata Explorer

2018

shp files

https://download.fgdl.org/pub/state/mhrv_mar18.zip

Mammography Centers

FDA

2017

geocoded addresses

 https://www.fda.gov/radiation-emittingproducts/mammographyqualitystandardsactandprogram/consumerinformation/ucm113962.htm

Colonoscopy Centers

??

??

geocoded addresses

??

WIC Centers

WIC

2018

geocoded addresses

http://www.wicprograms.org/state/florida

Free clinics

FreeClinics.com

2018

geocoded addresses

https://www.freeclinics.com/co/fl

HIV Testing Sites

FL DOH

2018

geocoded addresses

https://flhiv.doh.state.fl.us/ClinicSearch/textsearch.aspx?county=true

PrEP sites

FL DOH

2018

geocoded addresses

https://flhiv.doh.state.fl.us/ClinicSearch/textsearch.aspx?area=true

SCCC satellite sites

SCCC

2018

geocoded addresses

https://umiamihealth.org/sylvester-comprehensive-cancer-center/locations?category=all&currentaddress=&distance=10 

Academic cancer centers 4

FACCA

2018

geocoded addresses

http://floridacancerresearch.org/

DOCS health fairs

UM Miller School of Medicine - Dept. of Community Service

2018

geocoded addresses

https://umdocs.mededu.miami.edu/projects/ 

Tobacco Retailers

Florida Dept. of Business & Professional Regulation

2018

 

https://www.myfloridalicense.com/wl11.asp?mode=1&SID=&brd=&typ=

# of people within FEMA designated flood hazard area

CDC National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network

2011

 

https://ephtracking.cdc.gov/DataExplorer/#/